Tag Archives: oxalate

Lager, Lager, Lager

When some very enterprising German brewers decided to store their beer in the frozen Bavarian Alps through the summer time in the early nineteenth century, little did they know of the impact there new “Lager” creation would have on the world of beer.  Some of these brewers were so moved by the potential of this wonderous brew that they started to leave their Bavarian breweries to spread the word around Europe and refine this new brewing art.  Many on the continent were so moved by the potential of Lager and the Lagering technique that many brewing enterprises started making related products of their own giving rise to styles like the Red Lagers of Vienna.  Much credit also needs to be given to Bavarian brewer Josef Groll who, in 1842, took the brave step of heading to a little-known brewing town called Pilsen in the Czech Republic to try out his new lager recipe.  Following on from this original Pilsner (Pilsner Urquell), innovations and developments in the likes of glass bottle manufacture and refrigeration coupled with a good helping of migration meant lager quickly became a worldwide success.

Lager is as popular as ever and whether its Pilsner, Helles, Vienna Lager or Schwarzbier you are considering brewing, Murphy and Son is the place for everything you need for a flavoursome quality lager.

Liquor Treatment

Our much treasured, annual free of charge liquor analysis now includes a suggested liquor treatment for lager style beers as standard.  If you have not had you liquor checked for a while and you are a Murphys customer please send 50ml of untreated water to our lab for us to check out for you.

Our suggested lager treatment aims for a brewing liquor with adequate calcium for good brewing enzyme activity, yeast flocculation and oxalate and protein precipitation whilst mimicking the low sulphate and chloride levels of Munich and Pilsen for a crisp, light flavour.  This is best achieved with suitable additions of lactic acid to reduce alkalinity with low levels of calcium sulphate and calcium chloride to increase calcium ions.


Our new closer ties with Simpsons Malt means that we now have in stock ready for dispatch Finest Lager Malt (crushed).  This highest quality malt is slightly higher in Total Nitrogen and slightly under-modified so head / foam and mouthfeel will survive the lagering process. To add to this quality base malt, we can also supply a range of crystal malts, caramalt, wheat malt and Vienna malt (all crushed) direct from our warehouse.


Whether you are looking for traditional varieties of Noble Czech Saaz and German Hallertau hops, or looking to add a dry hop twist to your brew with new world hop pellets, we are very proud of our close relationship with Charles Faram which means we can supply the best hops around to suit your requirements.


On the dried yeast front we are pleased to hold stock of Lallemand Diamond Lager Yeast and three different Fermentis Lager Yeasts.  We also supply wet yeast cultures from the National Collection of Yeast Cultures (NCYC) which houses a vast range of lager strains originating from all over the world which can add the precise character you are looking for.

Flavour control

Diacetyl and Sulphur flavours can be problematic in lagers to help keep things under control we have the perfect products to help.

When added to wort at the start of fermentation, the enzyme Alpha Acetolactate Decarboxylate (ALDC) acts on the diacetyl precursor alpha acetolactate converting it to acetoin.  If alpha acetolactate is not present diacetyl can’t be formed so no buttery off flavours in your beer and conditioning time can be reduced.

To help keep sulphur off flavours out of your beer, Murphys have developed two zetolite products for the job.  Zetolite 65, when added to wort at the start of fermentation will prevent the formation of sulphur off flavours whilst if you notice the undesirable sulphurous aromas in your fermented product, the addition of Zetolite 63 will stimulate your yeast to reduce H2S and DMS aromas during maturation.

Don’t forget…

…an exuberant bright appearance is important with lagers and at Murphys we carry a huge range of finings and stabilisers to help achieve the desirable crisp look from brewers clarex to Super F, Silica and PVPP products, the Murphys Technical team is on hand to get this just right for you.  PGA is also a handy product to help achieve a perfect looking head on dispense.

For further information on any of the products discussed or for general advice and trouble-shooting with lager brewing please contact the Murphys Technical Team.

We Sell Key Kegs!!!!

Author: Iain Kenny, Technical Sales Representative, Murphy & Son Ltd

Contact the technical team on techsupport@murphyandson.co.uk

Beerstone Remover – Nipac B – A Nitric and Phophoric Acid Blend

NIPAC B  – Beerstone Remover


Beerstone removal

As a brewer you may have a problem with beerstone build-up in brewing vessels and containers.
Beerstone is a compound called calcium oxalate, and if not completely removed can harbour microorganisms. Beerstone is a common factor in wild yeast infections within breweries, it can also act as a nucleation point and cause gushing.
The removal of this material is carried out by using a concentrated formulation of nitric and phosphoric acids.

Nipac B is designed primarily for this application in breweries and is formulated to be low foaming and is suitable for use in recirculation applications. It can be used as an alternative to caustic based detergents in breweries for the cleaning of bright beer tanks and tankers whilst under CO2 atmosphere. A gel version exists for manual application where recirculation of the product is not possible.



· Excellent mineral and protein removal
· Aids removal of beer and milk stains
· Safe for use on Stainless Steel
· Can be used under CO2 atmospheres
· Suitable for use in CIP applications.
For more information and dosage rates please click on the following:
NIPAC B Technical Data sheet. Please contact our sales line or sales email to purchase this product.


Hygiene from Holchem


Casklean a neutral detergent – (ideal for septic tanks)

keg tilter

Cask Clean is specially formulated for use in the brewing industry for scale and beerstone removal in casks. It may be used as a “one off” quick scale remover or as a highly effective regular internal cask washing detergent.

It has excellent soil wetting, suspension and dispersion properties and is suitable for use on stainless steel, aluminium and there alloys.
Cask Clean can also be used in the beverage, food processing industries and other high care environments.

In use concentrations of Cask Clean are application dependent and should be established during trials.
Cask Clean can be used at temperatures up to 70°C, but cleaning temperatures should be optimised during trials.
Cask Clean is not suitable for direct food / beverage contact.
The following are typical example applications, users should refer to Cleaning Instruction Cards for specific guidance.
Other applications should be discussed with your Holchem Consultant.
Cask Renovation. Cask Clean is typically used at between 5% and 10% v/v for 10 minutes as a soak or spray clean to
give rapid removal of beerstone. After the detergent cycle, efficient rinsing is essential.
Cask Washing Detergent. Cask Clean is used at 0.5% to 1% v/v for internal cask washing. It can be controlled and
dosed automatically by conductivity or by a proportioner. Typical contact times are 10 to 30 seconds. After the
detergent cycle, efficient rinsing is essential.

• Excellent removal of mineral scale and beerstone.
• Good soil removal and suspension.
• Suitable for recirculation.